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KAFEDIK – information in English

The Kazinczy Ferenc DiáKlub (KAFEDIK) is a non-governmental student organization, founded in autumn 1969. The main aims of the organization are to gather the Hungarian speaking university-students in the Moravian capital (CZ: Brno, HU: Brünn) and organize programs for them. We have more than 200 members who come to study here predominantly from Slovakia. Our traditional events are: Inauguration Ceremony for the first class students (“gólyaavatás”), Saint Nicholas’s Day party, Sport Day with goulash cooking (the traditional Hungarian meal), performances by invited amateurs and professionals, movie evenings, excursions, friendly meetings in pubs.

Our student newspaper, the Sárga Szamár (Yellow Donkey) is called after a former pub where the members in the 80´s met regularly. On its few pages you can read about our activities, student-related events from home and abroad, moreover you can get to know some unusual pubs, films, books, museums and stories from student-life.

KAFEDIK´s programs have ensured during the past four decades good relax and entertainment for each member leading to life-long friendships and sometimes also love between the members. From the beginnings we have tight cooperation with similar students organizations: the Ady Endre Diákkör in Prague and other Hungarian organizations in Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary.

KAFEDIK has been a charter member of Diákhálózat since 1991.

Who was Ferenc Kazinczy (1759 – 1831)?

Ferenc Kazinczy was a Hungarian poet, writer, translator and the leading personality of the extensive Hungarian Language Reform in the end of the 18th and beginning of the 19th century.

He was born on 27th October 1759 at Érsemjén (today: Simian, Romania), in a noble family. He studied law at Kassa (today: Košice, Slovakia) and Eperjes (today: Prešov, Slovakia), and in Pest (today: Budapest, Hungary), where he also obtained a thorough knowledge of French and German literature. In 1784 Kazinczy became the subnotary for the the county Abaúj; and two years later he became nominated inspector of schools at Kassa. There he began devoting himself to the restoration of the Hungarian language and literature by translations from classical foreign works. Later with the assistance of Dávid Baróti Szabó and János Batsányi started the first Hungarian literary magazine, Magyar Muzeum in Kassa; but because of disagreements with Batsányi he left soon. In 1790 he succeeded with his own magazine, the Orpheus. His most important translations are masterpieces from Lessing, Goethe, Shakespeare, Wieland, Ossian, Moleire, Cicero and many others.

Upon the reign of Leopold II, Kazinczy, as a non-catholic, was obliged to resign his post at Kassa. Implicated in the democratic conspiracy of the Martinovics-movement, Kazinczy was arrested in 1794. First, sentenced to death by sword, at the and he was sentenced for uncertain time in prison. He was inprisoned in Brünn (Brno,Czech Republic), Kufstein (Austria) and Munkács (today: Munkacheve, Ukraine). Even though this hard period of life he worked, but he didn´t manage to finish his literary work at all. In 1801 he was released and shortly after married Sophia Török. They had four children.

He retired on his small estate at Széphalom (Hungary), near Sátor-Újhely, from where he organized the Hungarian literary life. In 1828 he took an active part in the conferences held for the establishment of the Hungarian Academy. In 1831, at the time of cholera he caught the disease and died on 23th August 1831 in Széphalom.